Eye Stye – Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

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111Eye stye is a kind of bacterial infection affecting one or both the eyes. It is not very dangerous and usually goes away in few days on its own, but some bacterial infections would require extra care and external medication to confine further bacterial growth. Medically known as hordeolum, eye stye would not affect the vision but it would cause some irritation that may affect your eyesight for some time.

To treat eye stye effectively, first know the symptoms and causes to recognize the appropriate line of treatment. There are two types of stye and the symptoms may be more or less same for both these types.

Different types of stye

  1. Internal Stye – As the name suggests internal stye is caused in the inner part of the eyelid. The swelling is inside the eyelid and yellow head is not visible. This type of stye is less painful as compared to the external stye with most of the symptoms being the same.
  2. External Stye – It occurs at the edge of the eyelid with visible yellow pus filled bump. The yellow bump would be quite painful on touching.

Symptoms you may look for

Eye stye is the type of eye infection and would have very apparent symptoms –

  • A lump on the eyelid with yellow head that may be painful on touching. In some cases, pain would be experienced even without touching the affected area.
  • Irritation in eyes causing redness and itching.
  • Redness on the eyelid around the stye.
  • Certain irritations would result into watery eyes.

Stye is filled with pus, which causes pain. Unbearable pain or too much of swelling on eyelid would indicate other problems that would require immediate medical attention.

How is stye caused?

Eye stye is a bacterial infection caused by Staphylococcus bacteria that are present on the skin surface of every individual. This bacteria may not harm unless they infect the follicles or glands present on the eyelid. Some of the commonly infected areas of the eyelid are –

  • Oil Glands – Eyelids have oil glands that are attached to the eyelash follicle. These glands produce oily fluid called sebum to keep the eyes lubricated. These sweat glands are quite essential for eye functioning. Some of the glands that are infected in the process are Meibomian gland, apocrine gland, and sebaceous gland. When the opening of these glands is infected, the stye occurs as a part of natural immune reaction.
  • Eyelash Follicles – Bacteria would also infect eyelash follicles present on the eyelid for growth of the eyelashes.

Treatment of Eye Stye

As stated earlier, stye usually goes away on its own without any elaborate treatment. However, the symptoms can be treated efficiently with some easy to administer treatments.

  • Use warm compress on the affected area. This is one of the most effective ways to ease out the stye symptoms. Use medicated cotton to apply the warm compress on affected area. Keep it in place for few minutes. Repeat this every four hours. This will make the stye release the pus. Don’t try to drain the stye by applying pressure and avoid very hot compress as this will damage the eye.
  • For very painful conditions, take painkillers as prescribed by the doctor.
  • Your GP would also suggest some antibiotic drops to restrain the infection from spreading or worsening further.

Styes are not known to be causing any serious health complications and may be cured in one to three weeks. However, if the stye starts interfering the vision or causes too much pain in eyes then it is time to visit your medical practitioner.

Author Bio: Along with article writing, Karishma also believes in studying the trending supplements in health industry to bring the best in light. She has written many articles in health and fitness genre. Some of these articles are also shared on Ishapur Turmeric Curcumin, an online shopping portal for pure turmeric curcumin extract.

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